Thursday, June 4, 2009

CHINA's air pollution still SERIOUS

China's Air Pollution Still Serious
In 1999, carbon dioxide emission reached 18.57 million tons, air pollution emission reached 11.59 million tons and industrial dust emission reached 11.75 million tons, according to statistics released by the State Environmental Protection Administration of China (SEPA). This shows that although the total volume of China's atmospheric pollution dropped or stayed the same, the absolute volume of atmospheric pollution is still huge.

The data showed that out of 47 major cities along China's eastern coast, not one city's atmospheric pollution met the Level 1 standard and more than 60% of the cities failed to meet the state Level 2 standards. Of the 338 cities monitored, only 112 cities reached the Level 2 standard and 137 exceeded the Level 3 standard, meaning they are severely polluted.

The spread of acid rain is also growing. Acid rain hit 30% of China's total area, making China the third largest heavy acid rain region in the world, behind Europe and North America. Acid rain is a serious problem in central, southern, southwestern and eastern China. Tests of the Ph level of rainwater in 106 cities revealed that the range of ph level in water was between 4.3 and 7.47 and that 43 cities or 40.6% had a Ph level lower than 5.6. A number of cities in the south had an acid rain frequency exceeding 80%.

A spokesman at SEPA said that the major reasons for China's atmospheric pollution problem were: the use of outdated energy resources which rely primarily on coal and a sharp increase in car pollution and industrial pollution.

Malaysia Environmental Pollution

General Characteristics of Agricultural, Industrial, and Information Age Environmental Pollution

  • Agricultural Age Energy Sources:Limited, insignificant levels of pollution.
  • Industrial Age Energy Sources:Industrial age air, water, and noise pollution from burning of fossil fuels.
  • Information Age Energy Sources:Global pollution problems, global warming (greenhouse effect), and hole in ozone level--all legacies of the industrial age; prospects for cleaner environment from gree technologies and an eventual return to renewable energy sources.

Information/Data on Malaysian Environmental Pollution

Malaysian current issues about the environmental pullution is an air pollution , industrial and vechicular emissions, Water pollution from raw sewage and deforestation. Malaysia has a natural hazards of flooding as well. However, the Governoment has made as International agreement to minimize the pollution, signed but not ratified.

Conclusions on Malaysia

(Whether Primarily Agricultural, Industrial, or Information Age Re: Environmental Pollution)Malaysia has a very high environmental pollution mostly becouse of their new industrial revolution. They do reialize that this could become a major problem and are trying to reduce it in the future. Malaysia is in the Industrial Age in the are of the Environmental pollution.

Additional Online Sources on Malaysian Environmental Pollution
Destinations: Malaysia
Traditional Bibliographic Sources on Malaysian Environmental Pollution

Noise Pollution

What do we do about noise pollution?

In many cases, the person/s causing the noise may not be aware that they are causing a problem, and all that is required is a polite request for some action to be taken to resolve the issue in a friendly way. Don’t take any risks – such an approach can sometimes produce a hostile response. Please contact Environmental Services if you don’t feel able to deal with the problem yourself, or if you have tried and it hasn’t worked.Officers will investigate your complaint and decide if any legal action is needed to solve the problem. They will always try to find a solution, without legal action if possible, but can act quickly in severe cases. If they are unable to help you, they will advise you who can.

How We Do It?

Officers begin by establishing the extent of the problem:If your complaint is not urgent, officers will write to or visit the place where the noise is coming from.If the problem is severe and urgent and can be witnessed, then they will take prompt legal action, including seizing noisy equipment if necessary.If the problem has occurred before, officers will need to decide if legal action is needed, and you may be asked to fill in a record of dates, times and notes to show how bad the noise is. They may also need to visit when the noise is going on.

What happens then?

When they have completed their investigation, they will let you know and will do one of the following:
a) Give advice if no legal action is possible/necessary.
b) Require the noise to be controlled, within a time limit, by serving an abatement notice.
c) Take action directly to solve the problem.If the abatement notice does not solve the problem, then officers will have to collect more evidence before taking legal action, and this may take some time. An abatement notice lasts forever, or until the person named on it moves house or dies. If this does not stop the noise, officers will take action to stop it (for example, by seizing and destroying their amplification equipment). In addition to this, they may prosecute the person/s responsible. The maximum penalty for breaching an abatement notice is £5000 (£20,000 for a trade or business)

What about "Out of Hours"?

The Council does not provide an out-of-hours service for all noise complaints. However, from May to September inclusive, officers will be available on Friday, Saturday and Sunday evenings and Bank Holidays to deal with complaints of noise in the Waveney District, of a particularly severe nature (see below for full details).The person who answers the phone will not be an Environmental Health Officer and will simply take the details and pass them on to the Duty Officer on call. The Duty Officer may telephone you back to discuss the matter. It will then be decided what course of action to take which could be:-Offer adviceFollow up on the next working dayVisit to assess the situation

CT video

Friday, May 15, 2009

Pollution & Solution

After years and years of evolution,
From nothing to radio to television.
Improving lifestyle, increasing pollution,
Will we ever find the solution?

We always want the easy way out,
We pick a shortcut without a doubt.
Is this the fairest way to go?
What about others that couldn't follow?

With car and factory comes air pollution,
Isn't the CO2 in our air sufficient?
Public transport are there for a reason
Factories must apply air filter installation.

With boat and factory comes water pollution,
Not all will be cured after filtration.
Remove waste product appropriately,
A little extra work will make everyone happy.

With irresponsible comes land pollution,
Rubbish-filled land is not an illusion.
The quote "Reuse, Reduce and Recycle",
It is something that is not impossible.

With construction and cars comes sound pollution,
Building and racing as a competition.
Do things slow and steady bringing peace,
It helps to keep you in one piece.

How do we lessen all these pollutions?
It's not like we do not have the solutions,
All it takes is teamwork and unity,
For together we can make it a reality.

Poem by Timothy

Friday, May 8, 2009

the major air pollutants and their sources.

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colourless, odourless gas that is produced by the incomplete burning of carbon-based fuels including petrol, diesel, and wood. It is also produced from the combustion of natural and synthetic products such as cigarettes. It lowers the amount of oxygen that enters our blood . It can slow our reflexes and make us confused and sleepy.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the principle greenhouse gas emitted as a result of human activities such as the burning of coal, oil, and natural gases.

Chloroflorocarbons (CFC) are gases that are released mainly from air-conditioning systems and refrigeration. When released into the air, CFCs rise to the stratosphere, where they come in contact with few other gases, which leads to a reduction of the ozone layer that protects the earth from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.

Lead is present in petrol, diesel, lead batteries, paints, hair dye products, etc. Lead affects children in particular. It can cause nervous system damage and digestive problems and, in some cases, cause cancer.

Ozone occur naturally in the upper layers of the atmosphere. This important gas shields the earth from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. However, at the ground level, it is a pollutant with highly toxic effects. Vehicles and industries are the major source of ground-level ozone emissions. Ozone makes our eyes itch, burn, and water. It lowers our resistance to colds and pneumonia.

Nitrogen oxide (Nox) causes smog and acid rain. It is produced from burning fuels including petrol, diesel, and coal. Nitrogen oxides can make children susceptible to respiratory diseases in winters.

Suspended particulate matter (SPM) consists of solids in the air in the form of smoke, dust, and vapour that can remain suspended for extended periods and is also the main source of haze which reduces visibility. The finer of these particles, when breathed in can lodge in our lungs and cause lung damage and respiratory problems.

Sulphur dioxide (SO2) is a gas produced from burning coal, mainly in thermal power plants. Some industrial processes, such as production of paper and smelting of metals, produce sulphur dioxide. It is a major contributor to smog and acid rain. Sulfur dioxide can lead to lung diseases.

Chemical Pollution

In some parts of the world, the bodies of whales and dolphins washing ashore are so highly contaminated that they qualify as toxic waste and have to be specially disposed of. There are many different sources of chemical pollution, including:

* domestic sewage
* industrial discharges
* seepage from waste sites
* atmospheric fallout
* domestic run-off
* accidents and spills at sea
* operational discharges from oil rigs
* mining discharges and
* agricultural run-off.

However, the chemicals that are probably of most concern for everyone are the persistent pollutants: those substances that enter marine food chains and are eventually passed along the chain to the marine top predators in increasing amounts.Persistent pollutants include pesticides, such as DDT, and industrial chemicals, most famously the PCBs.

Water : Our treasure

Water is a big component of our human body. Human cannot survive without water for more than approximately 3 days to 1 week. This shows how essential water is to human beings. However, we have not treat the water source with enough care and drinkable water is slowly depleting. This is due to our irresponsible behavior of throwing waste into river streams and the sea, cause a lot of damage to our water resource.

According to CNN, only 1% of the worlds water is drinkable. This shows how precious water is to us human beings. In Malaysia, water pollution is generally high. Based on a report done by the Department of Environment, sewage treatment plants are the main culprit for water pollution in Malaysia. After treating the sewage, the waste is dumped back into the river, polluting the river.
The polluted river water is where we get our drinking water and this will cause serious health problems if not filtered properly. At ports, the sea is highly polluted. This is due to the dumping of waste by ships. Oil spillage is one of the major water pollution caused by ships. Oil is lighter than water and thus, it floats on the surface of the water. This reduces the air underwater and caused the fishes in the sea to be lack of oxygen and dies. When the fish dies, it will rot and cause the water to be further polluted and the condition of the water will be getting worst.

Water has many uses and we need it in our daily life. We use it to drink, to cook, to bath and so on. If water is polluted until it is unusable one day, we, or the generation to come will suffer. We must work together to protect what is precious to us, just like the quote "united we stand, devided we fall."